The Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM)’s Fall Conference is the leading policy research conference in the country and draws top scholars from multiple disciplines. Academics and researchers present their latest work contributing to the ever important knowledge base of evidence to inform data driven policy decisions. Graduate students, the next generation of policy leaders and scholars, also have the opportunity to network with their mentors and peers. (See which #LBJsocialpolicy students are attending #2017APPAM.)
The faculty fellows of the Center for Health and Social Policy at the LBJ School of Public Affairs are long-time presenters as well as leaders in the Association. CHASP Director Dr. Cynthia Osborne currently serves on the APPAM Policy Council, the association’s leadership team; CHASP Faculty Fellow and former CHASP Director Dr. Carolyn Heinrich is current APPAM President; and Angela Evans, who was a CHASP Faculty Fellow prior to being appointed Dean of the LBJ School of Public Affairs, is a past APPAM President.
This year’s fall conference is in Chicago and the theme is “Measurement Matters: Better Data for Better Decisions.” CHASP Director Dr. Cynthia Osborne and Faculty Fellow Dr. Paul von Hippel are presenting:
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 2017: 1:45 PM-3:15 PM – Water Tower (Hyatt Regency Chicago)
Paul von Hippel – Presenting Panel Paper: The Effects of Increasing School Choice and Family Resources on Achievement and Segregation: Chile from 2002 to 2013
Advocates for school choice argue that competition among schools can increase student achievement. Skeptics worry that some forms of school choice may increase segregation, and argue that children’s achievement is primarily shaped by family resources such as parental education and income. We estimate the effects of expanding school choice in Chile, where between 2002 and 2013 the share of students attending private voucher schools grew from 38 percent to 55 percent, while median family income doubled, income inequality declined, and the percentage of mothers with a high school degree increased by 20 percentage points. Using a panel regression with municipality fixed effects, we find that growth of the private voucher sector did not increase test scores or grades but did increase attendance rates. Increases in parental income and education raised grades and test scores but did not improve attendance. Segregation increased with growth of the voucher sector and with growth in family incomes, but did not decline with reductions in income inequality. (Click for paper at SSRN.)
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2017: 10:15 AM-11:45 AM – Stetson BC (Hyatt Regency Chicago)
Cynthia Osborne – Discussant Panel: Noncustodial Father Involvement and Child Wellbeing: Implications for Social Policy (Family and Child Policy)
- Do Noncustodial Parents Have More Contact and Better Relationships with Their Most Recent Noncustodial Child? (Lawrence Berger, Maria Cancian, Daniel R. Meyer and Angela Guarin Aristizabal, University of Wisconsin – Madison)
- Nonresident Father Involvement and Their Children’s Food Insecurity over the Life Course (Laura Cuesta and Sarah Gold, Rutgers University)
- The Role of Fathers in Reducing Income-Based Inequalities in Children’s Behavioral Outcomes (Lenna Nepomnyaschy (1), Daniel Miller (2), Maureen Waller (3) and Sarah Gold (1); (1) Rutgers University, (2) Boston University, (3) Cornell University)
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 2017: 8:30 AM-10:00 AM – Stetson BC (Hyatt Regency Chicago)
Cynthia Osborne – Presenting Panel Paper: Fathers’ Perspectives on Fatherhood Programs
The increase in father involvement over the past several decades has been accompanied by a growing interest among researchers in studying the role that fathers play in the lives of their children. Findings from these studies overwhelmingly show that children with involved fathers fare better across a wide range of domains compared to children without an active father. Policy makers have taken notice, and increasingly, programs are available for fathers that teach parenting and co-parenting skills, help fathers gain self-sufficiency, and aim to reconnect fathers with their families. The Texas Department of Family and Protective Services, developed the Fatherhood EFFECT program (EFFECT) to support fathers, strengthen families, and increase father involvement through evidence-based fatherhood programs across the state. EFFECT aims to improve children’s wellbeing by helping fathers become more involved, responsible, and committed to their children through parent education skills, guidance, and support systems. Additionally, EFFECT aims to increase protective factors—family functioning and resilience, social support, knowledge of parenting and child development, co-parenting, concrete support, and nurturing and attachment— to reduce the risk of child maltreatment and promote positive family wellbeing. Using a mixed-methods approach that relies on administrative and survey data collected from more than 1000 fathers participating in four program sites across the state, as well as interviews and focus groups with program administrators, father educators, and fathers, we conducted an outcomes and implementation evaluation of the program. This paper shares findings related to three key questions: What motivates fathers to participate in the program, why do fathers continue to attend the program, and what changes in knowledge, skills, and behavior are associated with program participation. (More about the Dr. Osborne’s fatherhood work: Child and Family Research Partnership.)
Please join us: Dr. Hole will be speaking about his work at the CHASP Faculty Lunch Talk on Tuesday, November 14, 2017 at the LBJ School of Public Affairs (SRH 3.124).
Michael Hole, MD, MBA recently joined The University of Texas at Austin (UT) as a joint faculty member of the LBJ School of Public Affairs and Dell Medical School. Dr. Hole is a pediatrician and social entrepreneur developing products, services, and policies to reduce US child poverty. Prior to coming to UT, he was a clinical fellow at Harvard Medical School and practiced at Boston Children’s Hospital, the Boston Medical Center, and Brigham & Women’s Hospital. Dr. Hole earned his MD and MBA from Stanford University with concentrations in public management, community health, and social innovation.
We welcome him as a new faculty at the LBJ School of Public Affairs and a fellow at the Center for Health and Social Policy (CHASP).
Food aid and international food assistance from the United States is crucial to addressing the humanitarian crises gripping the globe today. The country’s role offers a highly visible symbol of Americans’ commitment to feed the world’s hungry.
The Farm Bill shapes the design of the nation’s food aid program and, therefore, directly impacts the lives of millions of people around the world. The upcoming 2018 Farm Bill offers Congress an opportunity to advance program efficiency and global impact, informed by a growing body of research.
CHASP faculty fellow and LBJ School of Public Affairs assistant professor Dr. Erin Lentz collaborated with colleagues at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) on a new policy report, International Food Aid and Food Assistance Programs and the Next Farm Bill. The authors find that ending cargo preference restrictions and domestic procurement restrictions can help generate more funds for U.S. food aid programs, saving lives, without increasing taxpayer costs.
Key points from the report, from AEI:
- The United States is, by far, the world’s largest food aid donor. In recent years, it has contributed more than 40 percent of the global food aid that helps feed the hungry.
- The cargo preference policy reduces the effectiveness of US international food aid policy. If the cargo preference requirement were eliminated and contracts for shipping were awarded on a competitive basis, US food aid programs could feed an additional 1.8 million hungry people.
- Alternative ways of providing food assistance—local and regional procurement and cash and vouchers—could significantly reduce costs and increase the speed of food assistance delivery.
The full report can be found at www.aei.org/publication/international-food-aid-and-food-assistance-programs-and-the-next-farm-bill.
Dr. Erin Lentz has worked or consulted with CARE, the United Nations World Food Program and numerous other international NGOs on markets, food security and food assistance programs. She is currently pursuing three research agendas. She studies U.S. and international food aid and food assistance policies. With her collaborators, she is developing the Women’s Empowerment in Nutrition Index. Also, she researches innovative measures to combat food insecurity in southern Africa. Dr. Lentz received a Ph.D. in sociology and an M.S. in applied economics and management from Cornell University. Lentz is also a member of the City of Austin/Travis County Food Policy Board.
- Op-ed in The U.S. News and World Report: How to Feed More People Worldwide
- World Development Journal: The Timeliness and Cost-Effectiveness of the Local and Regional Procurement of Food Aid
- 10/19/17 Co-author’s (Christopher B. Barrett) testified to Senate Committee on Foreign Relations: Modernizing the Food for Peace Program + Video
The federal Offices of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) and Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE) in the Administration of Children and Families and the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) are convening stakeholders through the Roundtable for Building the Next Generation of Child Support Policy Research to define the child support research agenda and promote rigorous research and evaluation. Dr. Cynthia Osborne, director of the Center for Health and Social Policy (CHASP) and LBJ School of Public Affairs professor, was asked to be a featured presenter for the roundtable (October 2017).
Dr. Osborne is a demographer and leading scholar in issues impacting the wellbeing of children and families. She also directs the Child and Family Research Partnership (CFRP), an independent, nonpartisan research group at the LBJ School of Public Affairs that conducts rigorous qualitative and quantitative research and evaluation work for federal and state agencies and non-governmental organizations. Through CFRP, she has produced an extensive body of work on fatherhood and child support.
The Roundtable for Building the Next Generation of Child Support Policy Research is tasked to:
- identify key policy research questions facing the field;
- suggest methods and data sources for research, evaluation and information dissemination;
- assess opportunities for further collaboration across the child support community to carry out the agenda.
Dr. Osborne holds a Ph.D. in Demography and Public Affairs from Princeton University, a Masters in Public Policy from Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, and a Masters of Arts in Education from Claremont Graduate University. Previously, Dr. Osborne taught middle school in a low-income community in California.
She is an appointed member of the National Academies of Sciences Committee to Reduce Child Poverty by Half in Ten Years. She also serves as the Chair of the Responsible Fatherhood working group for the Fatherhood Research and Practice Network (FRPN), a long-term project of the federal Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation. She is an elected member of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM) Policy Council and directs The University of Texas at Austin’s institutional membership of SRCD’s University-Based Child Family Policy Consortium.
For more about Dr. Osborne’s work on child support, go to the Child and Family Research Partnership at http://childandfamilyresearch.utexas.edu:
Related work on child support to date:
Policy Reports, Briefs, and Papers
- Child Support Unpacked: Examining the Factors Associated with Order Establishment and Compliance
- How Unmarried Fathers Support Their Children: A Study of Unmarried Parents
- Fathers in the First Few Months: A Study of Unmarried Fathers and Their Children
- Why Parents Establish Paternity: A Study of Unmarried Parents
- Who Establishes Paternity?: A Study of Unmarried Parents
- Final Report: An Evaluation of the Child Support for College Asset-Building Initiative
- Seeding the College Dream: The Child Support for College Asset-Building Initiative
- Summary of the Results from the Child Support for College (CS4C) Asset-Building Initiative
- Portrait of Father Involvement and Support in the First Three Years after a Nonmarital Birth
- Child Support and the Military: Efforts to Help Our Heroes
- Helping our Heroes: Efforts to Help Military and Veteran Parents
- Child Support Guidelines: Demographic and Economic Changes in Texas Families
- Child Support and College Savings
Infographics and Other Resources
- NPR Interview: How America’s Child Support System Failed To Keep Up With The Times
- A Father’s Support: More To It Than Money
- CFRP in the News: FiveThirtyEight and NPR – Are Moms Less Likely than Dads to Pay Child Support?
- When Dads Commit Kids Benefit
- Evaluation of Child Support for College (CS4C) Program Leads to Policy Changes
- 6% of Child Support Cases in the U.S. Involve a Veteran or Active Military Member
The University of Texas at Austin Co-op generously sponsors research awards each year including the Best Research Paper Award. The awards are administered by The University of Texas at Austin Office of the Vice President of Research. The Best Research Paper Award is given to a nominee who was the principal or sole author of a peer-reviewed scholarly paper reporting original research that was published during the calendar year in recognized research outlets in his or her field of study.
CHASP faculty fellow and LBJ School of Public Affairs policy professor Abigail Aiken, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D. received the Best Research Paper Award 2016-2017 for her highly recognized paper published in The New England Journal of Medicine, Requests for Abortion in Latin America Related to Concern about Zika Virus Exposure.
Dr. Aiken’s research focuses on reproductive health and spans several disciplines, combining backgrounds in biomedical sciences, public policy, demography and public health. Her current projects include: examining women’s experiences obtaining self-sourced abortion in contexts where legislative barriers prevent access to safe, legal abortion through the health care system; evaluating programs and policies designed to increase access to contraception in the postpartum and postabortion setting; and investigating the determinants and impacts of unintended pregnancies through a health equity and reproductive justice framework. Dr. Aiken received her M.D. from the University of Cambridge, M.P.H. from Harvard, and Ph.D. in Public Policy from The University of Texas at Austin.
The University Co-op award ceremony was October 18, 2017.
View past recipients of Best Research Paper Award.
Congratulations to CHASP faculty fellow and LBJ School of Public Affairs professor Dr. Jacqueline Angel, named one of Next Avenue’s Top 50 Influencers in Aging for 2017.
The 50 influencers are top advocates, researchers, thought leaders, innovators, writers and experts who “continue to push beyond traditional boundaries and change our understanding of what it means to grow older.”
Jacqueline Angel: Focusing on Older Latino-Americans
Angel’s research focuses on health and retirement issues in the United States, with a particular emphasis on older Mexican-Americans and Latinos. She is a Gerontological Society of America fellow and a senior fellow with the University of Texas Medical Branch School of Medicine’s Sealy Center on Aging.
A public affairs and sociology professor at the University of Texas at Austin, Angel is also a prolific author, having written or edited 80 journal articles, 30 book chapters and 10 books about aging and culture. Her most recent is Family, Intergenerational Solidarity, and Post-Traditional Society, a book that explores the practical and ethical questions families face when caring for aging elders.
IF YOU COULD CHANGE ONE THING ABOUT AGING IN AMERICA, WHAT WOULD IT BE?
“Aging policy in the future should not focus excessively on decline, disengagement and dependency. Instead, institutions must encourage norms and attitudes that enhance full engagement and generatively in the family, community and nation for as long as possible.”
On Wednesday, October 11, 2017 at 8:00am Central Standard Time (2:00pm Dublin time), CHASP Faculty Fellow and The LBJ School of Public Affairs professor Dr. Abigail Aiken appeared before the Joint Oireachtas Committee on the Eighth Amendment of the Irish Constitution, the Irish Parliamentary Committee responsible for deciding the scope of the referendum to legalize abortion in Ireland, which is slated to take place in 2018.
- Joint Oireachtas Committee on the Eighth Amendment of the Irish Constitution: ow.ly/xUll30fG6fE.
- Meeting live stream: ow.ly/bvvf30fG5Df.
- Newest paper: Barriers to accessing abortion services and perspectives on using mifepristone and misoprostol at home in Great Britain (Contraception, September 2017)
- Dr. Abigail Aiken LBJ School of Public Affairs faculty profile: ow.ly/rrAL30fG5IF
- News about Dr. Abigail Aiken: chasp.lbj.utexas.edu/tag/aiken
- Between the Lines with Sarah McInerne: Radio interview with Dr. Abigail Aiken (~20 minutes in)
- The Times: Desperate women ‘using coat hangers’ to abort pregnancies
- The Irish Times: Legal uncertainties surround abortion law options, committee warned
- The Irish Times: Rhona Mahony: Eighth Amendment creates ‘unacceptable clinical risk’
- Irish Examiner: Doctor warns Irish women travelling to the UK for abortion could be blocked by Brexit
- Independent House: ‘We’ve had a woman die on her way back from a termination’ – Professor Fergal Malone
- Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ): Online demand for abortion pills tripled between 2010-16
- Hot Press: Master of Rotunda Hospital: We’re not caring for women in the way we should
- SHEmazing: 8th Amendment committee: Woman died on flight home from abortion
Congratulations to our new CHASP Ambassadors representing the Center of Health and Social Policy and the LBJ School of Public Affairs at this year’s Texas Tribune Festival on September 22-24, 2017. We are very fortunate to be located in the seat of Texas government in Austin, where we have direct access to legislators and top policymakers, and this premier public policy event.
This year’s social policy related tracks include: Cities, Diversity & The Law, Health Care & The Economy, Public & Higher Education, Transportation, Energy & The Environment.
About our CHASP Ambassadors attending TribFest 17:
Shujaat Haq – Shujaat is a second year Master of Public Affairs student at the LBJ School and a Data Graduate Research Assistant at the Child and Family Research Partnership. He previously studied economics and worked in development economic policy research. In the future, he intends to work in local and state governments to promote data driven policy making for efficient service delivery.
Dana Johnson – Dana is a second year Master of Public Affairs student at the LBJ School. Prior to attending LBJ, she studied sociology and social work and worked for a reproductive rights lobbyist group, healthcare and economic security non-profit organizations, and the American Red Cross. After graduation, Dana hopes to continue to work in healthcare and social policy non-profit organizations on a federal and international scale. Further down the line she hopes to pursue a Juris Doctorate and eventually work in human rights law.
Heidi Kahle – Heidi is a first year Master of Public Affairs student at the LBJ School. She previously studied sociology, after which she was a fellow with UNICEF USA and then worked on the marketing team of a social enterprise start-up called Verb. After completing her MPAff, Heidi wants to blend research with tangible, action-oriented social change at a think tank or research institution with an eye on getting a PhD in Public Policy.
Yeo-Ri Kim – Yeo-Ri is a second-year Master of Global Studies student at the LBJ School. Previously, she worked as a research associate at the Korean Educational Development Institute (KEDI) and the Korean Ministry of Education (MOE), as well as a research intern at the East-West Center in Washington. After graduation, Yeo-Ri would like to be a policy analyst in an organization where she can develop a social policy program to alleviate social and economic inequalities.
Sanaa Rafique – Sanaa is a first year Master of Public Affairs student at the LBJ School. With a background in accounting and finance, she is pursuing her deep-seated interest in healthcare and social policy research to make a difference in the poorest communities in the developing world. After the LBJ School, she intends to return to her home country and work with an international organization like the United Nations, in close coordination with the federal and provincial governments to devise strategic policies and design frameworks to the bring about improved outcomes in the healthcare and education sectors.
Sarah Rush – Sarah has a Master in Food Studies and Food Policy from Boston University and is a first year Master of Public Affairs student at the LBJ School. She previously worked in healthcare and communications. Sarah’s plan after graduation is to develop policy at the local level, focused on the intersection of access to transportation, affordable housing, and food.
Joanna Warren – Joanna is a second year Master of Public Affairs student at the LBJ School. Over the course of her first year, she discovered a passion for education policy, specifically higher education because of the implications associated with social welfare, labor policy, and workforce policy. She previously interned with the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, worked with the Texas legislature and the UT Education Research Center, and authored a short report on gender gaps in higher ed completion rates. Following graduation, Joanna wants to continue working on education issues in Texas.
— Sarah Rush (@sarahrush24) September 23, 2017
LBJ School of Public Affairs professor and CHASP faculty fellow Dr. Abigail Aiken studied women in England, Scotland, and Wales who requested at-home medication abortion through online telemedicine initiative Women on Web (WoW).
She and her colleagues examined the characteristics and circumstances of these women and published the findings in new paper, Barriers to accessing abortion services and perspectives on using mifepristone and misoprostol at home in Great Britain in the peer-reviewed journal, Contraception. See below for full abstract.
- BuzzFeed – Women In Britain Say They Are Are Turning To Illegal Home Abortions Because They Can’t Get To Clinics
- The Independent – Women seeking abortions in UK outside formal healthcare system due to ‘insurmountable’ barriers, finds research
- The Guardian – Make access to abortion easier, UK’s top gynaecologist demands
- 10/11/17: Dr. Abigail Aiken to Appear Before the Joint Oireachtas Committee on the Eighth Amendment of the Irish Constitution
- Contraception Accepted Manuscript/Commentary: Self-Sourced Online and Self-Directed at Home: A New Frontier for Abortion in the United States (PDF)
Barriers to accessing abortion services and perspectives on using mifepristone and misoprostol at home in Great Britain
Contraception (September 2017)
To examine reasons for seeking abortion services outside the formal healthcare system in Great Britain, where abortion is legally available.
We conducted a mixed-methods study among women resident in England, Scotland, and Wales who requested at-home medication abortion through online telemedicine initiative Women on Web (WoW) between November 22nd 2016 and March 22nd 2017. We examined the demographics and circumstances of all women requesting early medication abortion and conducted a content analysis of a sample of their anonymized emails to the service to explore their reasons for seeking help.
Over a 4-month period, 519 women contacted WoW seeking medication abortion. These women were diverse with respect to age, parity, and circumstance. 180 women reported 209 reasons for seeking abortion outside the formal healthcare setting. Among all reasons, 49% were access barriers, including long waiting times, distance to clinic, work or childcare commitments, lack of eligibility for free NHS services, and prior negative experiences of abortion care; 30% were privacy concerns, including lack of confidentiality of services, perceived or experienced stigma, and preferring the privacy and comfort of using pills at home; and 18% were controlling circumstances, including partner violence and partner/family control.
Despite the presence of abortion services in Great Britain, a diverse group of women still experiences logistical and personal barriers to accessing care through the formal healthcare system, or prefer the privacy of conducting their abortions in their own homes. Health services commissioning bodies could address existing barriers if supported by policy frameworks.
The presence of multiple barriers to accessing abortion care in Great Britain highlights the need for future guidelines to recommend a more woman-centered approach to service provision. Reducing the number of clinic visits and designing services to meet the needs of those living in controlling circumstances are particularly important goals.